Knowing the habitat for the specific species of fish you are after requires that you identify and eliminate the non productive
water and fish only the productive water. Sounds simple, but does take some experience to get it down. Below are just some
general guidelines to get you started.
LAKES AND PONDS
Most fresh water fish can be found in lakes (natural or res) or ponds. When fishing for largemouth bass look for weedbeds
or areas with stumps or fallen trees. Panfish and Crappie will usually prefer water with sparse vegetation and fallen timber,
like backwaters and sloughs. Walleye and pike like to hang around the edges of underwater weedbeds where they can ambush
prey. Trout like rainbows and kokanee like to swim in the open water while Browns will cruise closer to the shore looking
STREAMS AND RIVERS
In swift streams in the mountains of the north and west, you will typically find salmon, trout and smallmouth bass. In
slower, warmer streams you will find catfish, smallmouth bass and walleye. Largemouth bass, panfish and catfish can be found
in sluggish rivers. If you are looking for salmon or trout look for deep holes or riffles. In slow muddy water, deep hole
usually hold catfish. Smallmouth bass will usually be found in the soft current side of bars, shoals, dead falls and rocks.
Largemouth and panfish typically hold around woody structure, where you find one you usually will find the other. One important
thing to remember is that swimming in the current will tire a fish so look for areas of slack water where fish can get out
of the current but still maintain a position where they can dart out and grab some lunch.
Most urban environments contain bodies of water controlled by the city or county. These are often overlooked and sometimes
can provide you with great fishing opportunities. Ask around at your local sporting goods or tackle shop to see where some
of these honey holes might be. Or just grab a local map and explore the surrounding waters.
WHEN TO GO
There are some times of day and seasons of the year that are better than others for catching fish. Where there are many
variables to this, the most important things to note are the water temperature and time of year. Generally in winter the
best time to go is from noon until evening this gives the water a chance to slightly warm up. During the spring time the
best time to go is from mid morning into the evening. During the summer the best times to go are at daybreak and evening
or night. Fall on the other hand good fishing can be had at any time of the day.
LOCATION, LOCATION, LOCATION
FISHING PHYSIOLOGY 101