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Bank & Surf Fishing
Breem (Blue Gill & Other Sunfish)
Bank Fishing Basics
Fishing by Species (Freshwater)
Surf Fishing Basics
Fishing by Species (Saltwater)
Fishing Tips
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BLUEGILL(Lepomis Macrochirus)

Description: Bluegill are deep bodied slab sided fish with a small mouth. They have a small black spot on their soft dorsal fin, and have a flexible black ear flap. Bluegill can get up to 4lbs but less than 1lb are more typical.

Habitat: Bluegill congregate around vegetation and sunken trees of shallow backwater bays, lakes and ponds. Spawning occurs when the water reached 67-70 degrees in shallow areas over sand and gravel and will spawn once every 28days in spring and summer.

Tips: Use worms, crickets, meal worms, wax worms, small jigs, spinners and poppers.

Range: AL, AR, FL, GA, KY, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN and TX

FLIER (Centrarchus macropternus)

Description: Fliers are dark green to olive in color. The scales are marked with brown spots forming a series of horizontal lines. The long anal fin has 7-8 spines. Typically weigh less than lb.

Habitat: Prefer sluggish lowland habitats such a s swamps, bayous and other weedy waters. Rarely are they found in flowing waters. Spawning begins when the water reaches 68-73 degrees. Males will dig a nest in the shallows and they nest in colonies.

Tips: Use worms, crickets, small jigs, spinners and poppers. Because of their tendency to come to the surface fly fishing can also be effective.

Range: AL, AR, FL, GA, KY, LA, MS, NC, SC, and TN

LONGEAR SUNFISH (Lepomis megalotis)

Description: Longears are very colorful. The head has blue stripes, the breast and belly are red to orange. The black gill flap is long and flexible with a white edge completely around. They have short rounded pectoral fins. They will rarely reach 1 lb.

Habitat: Prefers unpolluted shallow waters of lakes and streams. Will spawn in deeper water when the temperature reaches 70-80 degrees.

Tips: Use worms, crickets(brown work better than black), or small artificial baits

Range: AL, AR, FL, GA, KY, LA, MS, SC, TN, TX


REDBREAST SUNFISH (Lepomis auritus)

Description: Redbreast have a yellow to orange-red to Crimson red belly. The gill flap is long and narrow. The head will also have blue or blue-green stipes. Typically weigh less than 2 lbs.

Habitat: Prefer streams and rivers, but can also be found in some lakes. They like gravel and rocky bottoms and will concentrate around boulders, limestone outcropping and aquatic vegetation. Will spawn when the water temperature reaches 65-75 degrees, which is later than most sunfish and might use abandoned nest of other sunfish.

Tips: Unlike most sunfish, these can be caught at night with a wide variety of lures and baits, beetle spins and small spinners.

Range: AL, AR, FL, GA, KY, LA, NC, SC, TN, and TX

REDEAR SUNFISH (Lepomis microlophus)

Description: Dark olive above, yellow to green on the sides, white on belly. Red edge on the gillcover for the males and orange for the females. They can get up to 4lbs but will rarely exceed 1 lb.

Habitat: Prefer bottom of clear, quiet waters with moderate vegetation. Spawns when the water reached 60-70 degrees in deeper water and will nest in colonies.

Tips: Use live bait, worms, crickets, grubs, insect larvae.

SPOTTED SUNFISH (Lepomis punctatus)

Description: Dark olive or brown above, with light green or olive sides and covered with small black spots. The fins are dusky orange, with a very deep body. These rarely reach 1/2lb.

Habitat: Spotted are usually found in heavily vegetated, slow moving lowland streams and shallow warm ponds. Small or large creeks and large rivers extending into brackish tidal regions. Spawns in shallow 68-73 degree water near shore.

Tips: They are nicknamed “stumpknocker” because it orients strongly to stumps where it finds food. Use small spinners, flies and popping bugs.

Range: AL, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN, TX

WARMOUTH (Lepomis gulosus)

Description: Dark olive to grey in color with brownish sides and yellow markings. Each side of the head has five dark lines radiating from snout and the eye. The anal fin has three spines. These fish have a large mouth, and there is a red mark on the gill flap. Warmouth can get up to one pound.

Habitat: Warmouth prefer shallow slow flowing mud-bottom creeks, ponds, lakes and swamps. They span in 65-70 degree water and are nest builders.

Tips: Use small minnows, live crayfish and worms.

Range: AL, AR, FL, GA, KY, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN, TX

Breem (Bluegill & other Sunfish)

Crappie (Black & White)

Bass (Large & Small, rock and shadow)


For those of us who prefer our feet on dry land.