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Bank & Surf Fishing

Bass (Large, Small, Rock)

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LARGEMOUTH BASS (Micropterus salmoides)

Description: Jawbone extends beyond the back of the eye and the two dorsal fins are nearly separate or deeply notched. Can get up to 20 lbs but 1 to 6 lbs are typical.

Habitat: Moderately clear to turbid, quiet warm waters in streams, rivers, lakes, reservoirs and ponds, around vegetation, and near logs, trees and brush and stumps. Spawning activity begins when water reaches 63-68 degrees.

Tips: Will strike artificial baits including crankbaits, spinner baits, jigs, plastic worms, crayfish, earthworms, minnows, leeches and frogs. Best time to fish is early morning or late evening in warm summer months.

Range: AL, AR, FL, GA, KY, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN, TX

REDEYE BASS (Micropterus coosae)

Description: Redeye’s have redder fins than other black bass. Dark pigment spots on the belly and the upper jaw bone does not extend beyond th eyes. The first and second dorsal fins are connected. Can get up to 3 1/2lbs but 2 lbs and less are typical.

Habitat: Rocky areas and large woody debris in cool water rivers and small streams. Spawning activities occur in waters that are 60-70 degrees.

Tips: Redeye are scrappy fighters. Use eggs, crayfish, in-line spinners, shallow running minnow or crayfish type plugs.

Range: AL, AR, FL, GA, KY, NC, SC, TN

ROCK BASS (Ambloplites rupestris)

Description: Rock bass are dark olive in color, and the scales have a dark spot. The mouth is large and the eye is red rimmed. Five or six spines run along the anal fin. Typically are found less than 1 lb.

Habitat: Usually found in deep pools in clear, rocky or sandy streams. Spawning occurs when the water temperature is 60-70 degrees.

Tips: Crayfish, minnows and artificial lures including jigs and crankbaits are usually effective.

Range: AL, AR, GA, KY, NC, TN

SHADOW BASS (Ambloites rupestis ariommus)

Description: Shadow Bass are dark olive in color with irregular marbling. The mouth is large and the eye is rimmed with red. There are five or six spines in the anal fin. Typically less than 1 lb.

Habitat: Prefer deep pools in clear rocky streams. They spawn when the water temperature is 60-70 degrees.

Tips: Not commonly found but will strike any bait that is small enough.

Range: AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS

SMALLMOUTH BASS (Micropterus dolomieu)

Description: Brown or bronze in color on the sides. Jawbone does not extend beyond the rear margin of the eye. Connected first and second dorsal fin. Can get up to 10 lbs. But 1 to 3 lbs are typical.

Habitat: Prefers clear water lakes and cool swift streams with rocky bottoms. Tends to avoid bright light and is most active at dawn. Spawns in 60-65 degree water in pools with gravel bottoms.

Tips: Use natural or artificial crayfish, jigs, minnows or hellgrammites.

Range: AL, AR, FL, GA, NC, SC, TN

SPOTTED BASS (Micropterus punctulatus)

Description: Evenly arranged black spots in alternate rows below the dark lateral line. There is a small rough patch of teeth on the tongue. They have a connected first and second dorsal fin. Can get up to 8lbs but 1 to 4 lbs is typical.

Habitat: Prefers rocky areas in clear streams and lakes. Spawning takes place in spring when water temperatures reach 62-68 degrees.

Tips Use natural or artificial crayfish, worms, shad like crankbaits, spinner baits, and worms fished near the bottom.

Range: AL, AR, FL, GA, KY, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN, TX

Breem (Bluegill & other Sunfish)

Crappie (Black & White)

Largemouth Bass

Catfish


For those of us who prefer our feet on dry land.