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Bank & Surf Fishing
Bank Fishing Basics
Fishing by Species (Freshwater)
Surf Fishing Basics
Fishing by Species (Saltwater)
Fishing Tips
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BLACK BULLHEAD (Ameiurus melas)

Description: Body color is grey to black and cream underneath with unforked tail. Black or grey chin barbels. Head and mouth are large, and the lateral line complete. Can get up to 5 lbs, less than 1 lb typical.

Habitat: Pools. Backwaters, slower current or still water. Spawns in shallow weedy areas, when the water reaches 66-70 degrees. Tolerant of poor quality, muddy water.

Tips: Night fishing near the bottom with minnows, cut bait, stink bait, or nightcrawlers. Limb, trot or jug lines are effective.

Range: AL, AR, GA, KY, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN, TX

BLUE CATFISH (Ictalurus furcatus)

Description: Silvery blue with a humped back and small eyes. The anal fin has a straight margin, and a forked tail. Can get up to 100 lbs 1 to 20 lbs more common.

Habitat: Likes fast waters in large rivers, reservoirs and tributaries. Spawns in early summer when the water reaches 70-75 degrees, depositing its eggs in hollow logs and deeply undercut banks.

Tips: Jug lines and trot lines fished 4 to 10 feet deep. Live or cur baits, gizzard shad, carp, large minnows, skipjack herring and crayfish.

Range: AL, AR, FL, GA, KY, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN ,TX

BROWN BULLHEAD (Ameiurus nebulosus)

Description: Color is light brown or yellow with black or grey chin barbels. Pectoral spines deeply serrated, unforked tail. Up to 5lbs but 1 to 2 lbs more typical.

Habitat: Inhabits still or slowly moving warm waters. Tolerant of poor water quality. Spawns over a sandy bottom close to cover, such as a log or stump, when the water reaches 70-75 degrees.

Tips: Chicken livers, worms, doughballs, small bucktails or plastic tail jigs.

Range: AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN

CHANNEL CATFISH (Ictalurus punctatus)

Description: Olive brown to dark blue body, back is not humped with a deeply forked tail. The anal fin has a curved margin. Up to 58 lbs but 5 to 10 lbs is typical.

Habitat: Streams, rivers, eddies and shallow water in lakes and ponds. Spawns in cavities in hollow logs, holes in undercut banks and beneath rocks when water reaches 70-75 degrees.

Tips: Most active in the evening or early night. Use worms, cutbait, shrimp, liver, blood and stink baits.

Range: AL, AR, FL, GA, KY, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN, TX


FLATHEAD CATFISH (Pylodictis olivaris)

Description: Flattened head, yellowish mottled with brown and green. The lower jaw extends beyond upper jaw and an unforked tail. Very small eyes. Can get up to 100 lbs, but less than 30 lbs are typical.

Tips: Live bait: minnows, chubs, crayfish, sunfish. Use trotlines, setlines or jugs.

Range: AL, AR, FL, GA, KY, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN, TX

WHITE CATFISH (Ameriurus catus)

Description: Upper body is slate grey or steel blue, underbelly is white with a moderately forked tail. Head is very wide. Found up to 20 lbs most are less than 5 lbs.

Habitat: Ponds, slow moving streams or slightly brackish waters. Migrates short distances to reach suitable spawning areas, spawns under rocks, logs or undercut banks when the water reached 75-80 degrees.

Tips: Live bait, worms, cut bait, shrimp and liver.

Range: AL, AR, FL, GA, MS, NC, SC


Breem (Bluegill & other Sunfish)

Crappie (Black & White)

Largemouth Bass


For those of us who prefer our feet on dry land.